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Wheat Facts/Trivia

  1. Idaho’s 2010 wheat crop is expected to be valued at 542 million dollars.
  2. The average yield per acre of winter wheat is 82.0 bushels.
  3. Spring Wheat is 78 bushels per acre.
  4. Idaho wheat growers harvested 1.34 million acres of wheat in 2010.
  5. The average price for wheat in 2010 was $6.20 a bushel.
  6. Nationally, Idaho ranks fifth for wheat and wheat product exports.
  7. Wheat is grown in 42 of the 44 counties in Idaho. Boise and Shoshone counties are the exception.
  8. Bingham County harvested the most acres of wheat in Idaho in 2010. Nez Perce county ranked second in wheat production.
  9. There are six classes of wheat; Hard Red Spring, Soft White, Hard Red Winter, Soft Red Winter, Durum, Hard White.
  10. Soft White Wheat is the most popular wheat grown in Idaho.
  11. Soft White Wheat is used in flat breads, cakes, biscuits, pastries, crackers, Asian-style noodles and snack foods.
  12. Hard Red Winter is used in pan breads, Asian noodles, hard rolls, flat breads and general-purpose flour.
  13. Hard Red Spring is used in pan breads, hearth breads, rolls, croissants, bagels, hamburger buns, pizza crust and used for blending.
  14. Durum is used in pasta, couscous and some Mediterranean breads.
  15. Soft Red Winter is used in pastries, cakes, cookies, crackers, pretzels, flat breads.
  16. Hard White wheat is used in Asian noodles, whole wheat or high extraction flour applications, pan breads and flat breads.
  17. One bushel of wheat contains about 1 million kernels.
  18. A single bushel of wheat will make 73 loaves of bread, or 53 boxes of cereal, or 72 pounds of tortillas.
  19. One acre of wheat can produce enough wheat to furnish your family with bread for nearly 10 years.
  20. The wheat kernel is made up of three distinct parts. The endosperm is the source of white flour and makes up approximately 83% of the kernel, the bran about 14.5% and germ, approximately 2.5%.
  21. The wheat kernel, sometimes called the wheat berry, is the seed from which the wheat plant grows.
  22. Wheat was first planted in the United States in 1777 as a hobby crop.
  23. Licorice is made from wheat flour.
  24. More foods are made with wheat than any other cereal grain.
  25. Farmers receive about 4 cents per loaf of bread when it’s sold in the stores.
  26. It takes a combine only nine seconds to harvest enough wheat to make 70 loaves of bread.
  27. Wheat is grown in 42 states in the United States.
  28. The workers who built the pyramids in Egypt were paid in bread
  29. The word “grain” was given its name by the Roman goddess, Ceres.
  30. New uses of wheat include cat litter, wheat concrete, biodegradable spoons and forks, dog treats, soap, shampoo, and biodegradable plastic wrap.
  31. Evidence indicates that wheat was baked to make bread in 6,700 B.C. by Swiss lake dwellers, that’s over 8000 years ago.
  32. The United States uses over 3 million bushels of wheat each day.
  33. It takes just 40 days for most Americans to earn enough money to pay for their food supply for the whole year. It takes 129 days for the average American to earn enough money to pay his federal, state, and local taxes for the year.
Tuesday, August 16, 2016
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Growers’ help needed to improve crop insurance
Sprout damage from heavy rains in southern and eastern Idaho at the end of the 2014 growing season made evident the inadequacy of current crop insurance for wheat growers, which is based on yields and not quality.

USDA’s Risk Management Agency has expressed a willingness to make changes to the quality standard for wheat by addressing the low falling number scale, but the agency wants to address the issue nationwide and needs strong data to support any changes.
Growers can assist the effort by providing multiple years of settlement data, at least the last six years but preferable the last 10 to 12.

RMA does not need and would prefer not to receive growers’ names, addresses and tax ID numbers.

The data must contain: the year; county and state where the crop was grown (not sold/delivered); quality of production; gross price received; net payment (gross less any dockage, but not considering any storage or shipping fees); test weight; and protein.

In addition, the agency needs at least one of the following: DON/VOM; falling number; or other quality spec of interest.
Growers are asked to send info to Blaine Jacobson at blaine@idahowheat.org.