The U.S. Wheat Industry’s Partnership with Japan Adds Perspective to Current Trade Negotiations
There is renewed hope this week that the United States and Japan are making good progress toward a trade agreement that will ensure U.S. wheat can continue competing with Canadian and Australian wheat based on quality, variety and value. Currently, under the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership, Japan’s effective tariffs on Canadian and Australian wheat imports are discounted and will continue being discounted to the tariff on U.S. wheat imports. U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) have every confidence that agricultural trade negotiators working with Japan fully understand the need to mitigate the risk to U.S. wheat farmers in an agreement.
Wheat Farmers Are Concerned About Removal of Snake River Dams
Removing the four dams on eastern Washington’s Snake River would help the salmon that use the river to spawn — and thus the whales that eat the salmon. But the view from eastern Washington is different. There, the dams are important to the state’s wheat growers: fourth- and fifth-generation farmers who are worried about their future. The debate was sharpened this spring when Congressman Mike Simpson suggested that dam removal be on the table as options are considered.
U.S. turns attention to spring wheat harvest
Spring wheat producers were hobbled by a wet spring that delayed seeding and stretched the process in some cases into mid-June. Now, intermittent rainstorms and elevated humidity have hindered timely combining and, as a result, the 2019 spring wheat harvest significantly lags the average pace.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture indicated in its weekly Crop Progress report issued Aug. 19 that the spring wheat harvest in the six primary production states was 16 percent completed by Aug. 18 compared with 8 percent a week earlier, 56 percent a year ago and 49 percent as the recent five-year average for the date. Combining was 12 percent completed in North Dakota (43 percent as the five-year average for the date), 27 percent in South Dakota (75 percent), 14 percent in Minnesota (55 percent), 20 percent in Montana (44 percent), 27 percent in Idaho (47 percent) and 25 percent in Washington (64 percent).
What to Know About Low Falling Numbers
There are recent reports of low falling numbers in wheat from the Camas Prairie. The issue doesn’t seem widespread and much of the crop is still being harvested. This is a good opportunity to review practices that may help mitigate a low falling numbers problem.
1. Low falling numbers are caused by pre-harvest sprout or late maturity alpha-amylase (LMA). Both syndromes can cause samples to fail the Hagberg falling number test as your elevator.
2. Doug Finkelnburg from the University of Idaho Extension, Nez Perce County, suggests segregating grain with low falling numbers and avoiding attempts to “blend it off” at home. Grain with pre-harvest sprout and very low falling numbers (around 100 seconds) will cause a much greater amount of sound grain to fail the falling numbers test if blended. Please do not ruin mostly good grain by trying to get rid of a little bad grain.
3. Look for pre-harvest sprout if your field recently experienced significant rain, multiple rain events and/or is in a location that favors heavy dews. Consider running a sample before harvesting the entire field. Segregate the area with pre-harvest sprout as necessary.
4. If a field experienced wide temperature swings or cold shocks (frosts and/or near frosts) during grain fill (two to four weeks post-flowering), look for LMA. Consider a sample run in this case as well and segregate as needed.
5. The falling numbers test is variable (it is a destructive test so the exact same sample cannot run twice). A sample from a truck that just fails to make 300 seconds could pass if re-tested, or it could test lower. Check your discount schedule and understand the risks versus rewards if re-running samples.
6. Researchers are still trying to discover much about how the environment affects LMA and sprouting. If you get a low falling number, please consider setting aside two to three pounds of affected grain with variety and location information attached and sending an email to Doug Finkelnburg. He will arrange to collect as many of these samples as available to help researchers working on this issue. Please keep these samples in a dry place until they are transferred.
Dalton Henry to Lead U.S. Wheat Associates Policy Team Again
Dalton Henry returned to USW this week as Vice President of Policy in the Arlington, Va headquarters. Previously, Henry worked for USW in the same role from March 2015 to December 2016. A 2010 graduate of Kansas State University, Henry earned a bachelor’s degree in agricultural communications and journalism, with an emphasis in agricultural economics. He grew up on and is still involved with his family’s diversified crop and livestock operation near Randolph, Kan.
Bakery Technician Joins U.S. Wheat Associates Team in South Asia
USW announced that Adrian “Ady” Redondo recently joined the organization as a Bakery Technician in its Manila, Philippines, office. Redondo earned a bachelor’s of science degree in food technology from the University of the Philippines in 2001. He has experience in quality assurance, research and development, production and sales in the Philippines food and bakery industries. Previously, Redondo was a key accounts manager with Ingredion Philippines, Inc., a company that manufactures starches, sweeteners, nutrition and biomaterial ingredients for food, pharmaceuticals and industrial applications.
Bun plays big role in U.S. burger popularity
The heart of every burger is the patty. The unchallenged favorite is the beef variant, followed by fillings made with chicken, fish fillet, pulled pork or vegetarian quinoa. But not only the filling defines the quality of a burger. It is the bun that gives the popular fast food the final culinary touch. The meat, the toppings and the baked product must form a harmonious triad — that is the only way to ensure ultimate enjoyment.
Idaho Wheat 1959 – 2019
This year marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the Idaho Wheat Commission. We are celebrating all year, and invite you to join us.
On August 21, 1959, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a proclamation making Hawaii the nation’s 50th state after more than 90 percent of the islands’ residents voted in favor of the Hawaiian Admissions Act.